IB Diploma Programme
The IB Diploma Program (DP) was created in 1968. It is a demanding pre-university course of study that leads to examinations. It is designed for highly motivated secondary school students (Grades 11 and 12) aged 16 to 19.
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The program was born of efforts to establish a common curriculum and university entry credential for students moving from one country to another. International educators were motivated by practical considerations but also by an idealistic vision. They believed that students should share an academic experience that would emphasize critical thinking, intercultural understanding and exposure to a variety of points of view.
The curriculum contains six subject groups together with a core made up of three separate parts.
Students study six subjects selected from the subject groups. Normally three subjects are studied at higher level (courses representing 240 teaching hours), and the remaining three subjects are studied at standard level (courses representing 150 teaching hours). All three parts of the core-extended essay, theory of knowledge and creativity, action, service-are compulsory and are central to the philosophy of the Diploma Program.
The three core requirements are:
- extended essay
- theory of knowledge
- creativity, activity, service.
All Diploma program students must engage in these three activities.
Extended essay – The extended essay is an independent, self-directed piece of research, culminating in a 4,000-word paper.
Theory of knowledge – The theory of knowledge (TOK) requirement is central to the educational philosophy of the Diploma Program.
Creativity, activity, service (CAS) – The CAS requirement is a fundamental part of the program and takes seriously the importance of life outside the world of scholarship, providing a refreshing counterbalance to academic studies.